The East African Wild Life Society (EAWLS) came into being in 1961 through a merger of the Kenya and Tanzania Wildlife Societies (both formed in 1956) and wildlife enthusiasts from Uganda. EAWLS was originally registered as a Society and later as a non–governmental organization (NGO) in Kenya under the NGO Act of 1990. EAWLS is a membership-based public benefit organization that seeks to enhance the conservation and wise use of the environment and natural resources in the East African region.